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March 2012

1st (Thu) 0.8 C to 13.0 C / nil / 7.1 hours / W 1.1 14 Kt.
A very foggy start with visibility below 100 metres, but this would quickly clear to leave a gorgeous clear and sunny spring day with temperatures rising into the mid-teens. Remaining clear at first overnight, but cloud would increase somewhat later.

With the mornings now becoming ever lighter I am now able to return to my old haunts down in the Parks, where the dawn today was greeted by singing birds, including the likes of Skylarks, Yellowhammers, & Chaffinches. I also kept an ear open for Chiffchaff, as undoubtedly the first will be with us very soon, but none were heard this morning. However a drumming Woodpecker was heard near Minster School on my way back home. Back at home the Goldfinches sang beautifully from atop the Ash tree for much of the day, joining the Song Thrushes, Robins, Dunnocks, Greenfinches, & Chaffinches. I also found the first Dog Violets just starting to flower (against the sun baked northern wall), while the garden now hosts quite a few Daffodils, Narcissi, & even a single Primrose (these joining the already flowering Crocus’ & Snowdrops). However the Winter Aconites have already concluded for another year. All in all today was a perfect spring day, and ended with a fine display of wispy Cirrus high in the sky above the house.

2nd (Fri) 2.7 C to 12.3 C / 0.9 mm / 0.2 hours / SE 2.3 14 Kt.
A bright and misty start to the day, but as the morning progressed the cloud would become thicker with the rest of the day seeing mostly cloudy skies. Mild again despite the cloud with a high of 12.3 C. In the evening the cloud would thicken and lower, with some outbreaks of drizzle and rain overnight, and it would also become increasingly murky with visibility reduced to less than 2km.

Blackthorn blossom is now coming out in the Parks, while some blossom can also be found on the Cherry-plums and the Copper Beeches near the Minster. Yellowhammers and finches in good song again this morning, while a Green Woodpecker was heard near the Westwood. However the highlight of the morning would be 10 Roe deer feeding together in the fields, certainly one of the largest herds I have ever seen in the Parks.

3rd (Sat) 3.9 C to 11.7 C / trace / 1.2 hours / S 2.0 17 Kt.
A grey and murky morning, with some drizzle for a time, but the day would begin to brighten up after midday. Indeed the cloud would break up after 1pm, with some sunny spells developing, but their would also be a fair amount of cloud still around at times. Variable amounts of cloud in the evening and overnight, with alternating clearer and cloudier periods.

4th (Sun) 4.3 C to 6.4 C / 18.2 mm / nil / NW 7.7 28 Kt.
A bright start to the day, with even some weak sunshine, but by 8am the cloud would rapidly thicken up with rain soon following. The rain would continue for the rest of the day, and from mid afternoon would become increasingly wintry with some wet snow mixed in at times (not settling though). Further rain in the evening and at first overnight, but after midnight the rain would finally clear, though with this clearance the wind would begin to freshen from the NW with a brisk and cold breeze by morning. In total 18.2 mm of rain was recorded today, making this the wettest day since
October last year.

North Cliffe Wood
Just a brief visit today, what with the inclement weather, and also because Helen and Sophie joined us on our walk around this interesting little wood. The wood remains fairly quiet, with no flowers yet noticeable, but nevertheless there is plenty of new growth, and the leaves of the Bluebells now carpet parts of the woodland. Other woodland plants remerging included Wood Sorrel & Dogs Mercury, and no doubt in the next month the first flowers will soon be carpeting this mixed woodland. The Hazels are also covered in Catkins while new growth is obvious on the Elder as the wood reawakens from its annual slumber. Bird wise the highlight of the morning was a flock of about 50 Siskins in the Birch wood.

5th (Mon) 0.9 C to 7.7 C / nil / 7.6 hours / NW 6.3 31 Kt.
An initially cloudy start but by mid morning this cloud would break up with a fine and bright morning following. However it would feel cold, especially in the brisk NW breeze which would gust up to 31 knots. Remaining sunny throughout the afternoon, bar some broken cloud drifting in on the northerly breeze, and it would remain largely clear in the evening and overnight. The breeze also easing overnight, this allowing a hoar frost to develop by the end of the night.

6th (Tue) 0.3 C to 8.9 C / 3.1 mm / 7.2 hours / S 4.9 25 Kt.
A clear and frosty start with a moderate hoar frost, but it would soon warm up with the largely sunny skies which would persist for most of the day (bar some broken cloud from time to time). However by dusk cloud would begin to increase and thicken from the west, bringing with it some rain by midnight. This rain would continue on and off for the rest of the night, and would be accompanied by a moderate to fresh southerly breeze.

The Bees enjoyed the sunshine today, with good numbers of Honey & Bumble bees being noticed.

7th (Wed) 3.4 C to 10.5 C / 0.2 mm / 4.9 hours / W 6.6 33 Kt.
A grey and wet morning with outbreaks of rain for the most part, but after 10am the rain would clear with sunny spells soon developing by the end of the morning. Remaining largely sunny in the afternoon, though the wind would be quite gusty at times (peak gust of 33 knots). Clear skies in the evening and for most of the night, this allowing temperatures to fall with a touch of grass frost by dawn.

8th (Thu) 1.9 C to 10.2 C / trace / 5.0 hours / SW 3.2 23 Kt.
A clear and sunny morning, but in the afternoon cloud amounts would increase with it becoming largely cloudy by mid afternoon. Indeed the cloud would become thick enough to produce some spots of rain, but this didn’t come to much. Variable amounts of cloud in the evening and overnight.

9th (Fri) 5.1 C to 13.7 C / nil / 2.1 hours / W 4.4 24 Kt.
A mostly cloudy start, the cloud thick enough for a few spots of rain, but by mid morning it will begin to brighten up as the cloud began to break up. This would allow some sunny spells at times, though variable amounts of cloud would persist throughout the day with some quite cloudy periods too. Warm though despite the cloud, with a high of 13.7 C. Variable amounts of cloud in the evening and overnight, though most notable was the unseasonably high minimum of just 8.4 C.

10th (Sat) 8.4 C to 15.1 C / nil / 5.9 hours / W 5.2 32 Kt.
A sunny and very warm start to the day (for the time of year), with temperatures already in double figures by 7am. It would remain bright and warm throughout the day, though there were some cloudier periods in the afternoon, and there was also a fresh to strong gusty breeze, especially around midday (gusting to 32 knots). Variable amounts of cloud in the evening and at first overnight, but later the cloud would clear away with clear skies by dawn.

Saw my first butterfly of the year today, with a single Large White seen fluttering around the sun trap at the north end of the garden. Also large numbers of ladybirds still about, while a good variety of Bumble bees were seen, including buff-tails, white-tails, and at least one red-tail. The Woodpecker was also heard drumming nearby.

11th (Sun) 4.3 C to 16.2 C / nil / 9.1 hours / W 3.6 20 Kt.
A clear and sunny day throughout, with temperatures climbing to over 16 C under the surprisingly warm mid-March sun. Less windy than yesterday too. Remaining largely clear in the evening and overnight, but mist & fog patches would form by dawn.

Millingtondale & Huggate dikes
On what was a gorgeous spring day with wall to wall sunshine and temperatures in the mid-teens, we headed up to the Upper Millingtondale & Huggate area, starting our walk from the bottom of Nettledale. Our first highlight of the walk would come relatively early on, with the discovery of a Small Tortoiseshell sunning itself in the middle of the footpath, my first ST of the year and my third butterfly species of the year thus far. Indeed the sun was amazingly warm this morning, and it felt more like April or even May rather than mid-March, and this encouraged a lot of insects on to the wing, including quite a few Bumble-bees. Continuing onwards this walk would take us through some of my favourite parts of the Wolds, passing along the top of Pasture Dale where we heard a distant Curlew calling in a nearby dale, while the open fields of Huggate Wold hosted a number of displaying Lapwings, these handsome and somewhat overlooked waders swooping and calling their distinctive ‘song’ above the still short but now noticeably growing winter wheat fields. These cereal fields also hosted plenty of other wildlife, including good numbers of Hares, while above Skylarks sang loudly and continually from their aerial territories high in the clear blue sky.

Meanwhile as our walk continued onwards we came to Huggate dykes at the top of Frendal Dale, an unusual and mysterious piece of ancient earth workings, the point of which still remains a mystery to archaeologists. From here one has one of the best views in the Wolds (in my opinion anyway), with the winding dales of Upper Millingtondale snaking their way westwards, with the flat plain of the Vale of York beyond. This area is also a good place to look for wildflowers & butterflies (at least in years when the sheep aren’t grazing the meadows), and though still early I found some bits of botanical interest, including Celandines, Buttercups, and some Speedwell. Here I also watched and listened to some displaying Meadow Pipits, something I could do for hours on a day like today, while Chaffinches & Yellowhammers sang in the nearby patches of Hawthorn & Gorse scrub which dot the hillside here. Much of the Gorse is now flowering strongly, and with the sun and warmth there was just a hint of the coconut like perfume of these prickly shrubs hanging in the air.

However though it was easy to forget on a day like today, it remains very much early spring, and a good number of Fieldfares in the scrub above Frendal dale was a reminder of the fact that winters fowls have yet to desert these isles. Indeed I have yet to hear my first Chiffchaff yet this year, and until I do I can not yet declare the arrival of spring, as for me the simple two note calls of these rather plain green warblers is the true herald of spring. However I think this year I can make an exception, especially with the local villages looking resplendent with some particularly fine displays of Daffodils this year, banks covered in the sun like flowers of Celandines, and Lambs grazing in the fields with their mothers & siblings. Finally I also noted that the Rooks are nesting high this year in the Wolds, possibly hinting at a settled and warm summer ahead?

A Peacock butterfly was seen in the garden today, taking my 2012 list to three (Peacock, Small Tortoiseshell & Large White). The flowers in the garden also looked beautiful today, especially the Daffodils, while some of the earlier variety of Tulips are also starting to appear. The recent warm weather has also seen both the Hyacinths & just a few Grape Hyacinths begin to appear, while the Dog Violets are also increasingly appearing (even in the eastern wood). The Lesser Celandines under the Blackcurrants are now at their best, and other flowers to be seen still include Snowdrops, Crocus’, Narcissi, Cyclamen, and a few others.

12th (Mon) 2.5 C to 10.0 C / nil / 1.8 hours / SW 1.5 12 Kt.
A clear and cold start, with a slight grass frost and patches of mist and fog over the low fields. Becoming cloudier for a time in mid morning as fog from the Humber valley and Vale of York lifted and drifted over, but this would clear with skies becoming clear for the last hour of the morning. However cloud would increase again in the afternoon, though it wasn’t that thick allowing some weak hazy sunshine at times. Much cooler than yesterday though, with a far more seasonal high of 10 C. Remaining largely cloudy in the evening and overnight, with conditions a little murky at times.

Some Hawthorn hedges are now starting to green, while the buds on the Hawthorn tree in the garden are just starting to bud-burst. I also noticed that the Crab Apple blossom buds are just starting to open and fatten (hopefully we won’t get any damaging frosts in the next few weeks), while in many gardens Forsythia is now starting to flower, adding welcome splashes of yellow to the local area.

13th (Tue) 6.0 C to 9.2 C / nil / nil / W 0.8 9 Kt.
A dull and grey day for the most part, with visibility quite poor, especially early on and again in late afternoon. Cooler as well with a high of just 9.2 C. Little change overnight with overcast skies and poor visibility.

14th (Wed) 6.4 C to 7.9 C / nil / nil / SW 1.3 10 Kt.
A dull and murky morning and remaining overcast for most of the afternoon with little in the way of brightness. However after dusk the cloud would clear away, this giving clear skies for most of the evening and overnight and allowing temperatures to fall to nearly freezing. However mist and latterly fog would also form, becoming thick by dawn.

Venus & Jupiter were an impressive pair in the evening sky tonight, lying very close to each other in the western sky.

15th (Thu) 1.7 C to 9.0 C / nil / 2.0 hours / SW 1.6 12 Kt.
A foggy morning with visibility lower than 100 metres early on, and remaining grey and murky for most of the day, though after midday it did slowly begin to brighten. Indeed after 3 pm the cloud would break and clear, leaving a fine and sunny end to the day. Clear at first in the evening but cloud would increase again by 7pm and it would remain largely cloudy for most of the night. However by dawn the cloud would clear away again.

16th (Fri) 3.1 C to 11.0 C / nil / 1.8 hours / SW 3.5 17 Kt.
A bright and sunny morning to start with, though the sun was a little hazy, but by the end of the morning cloud had again increased and it would remain largely cloudy for the rest of the day. Feeling a little warmer than the last few days. Variable amounts of cloud in the evening and overnight.

17th (Sat) 6.7 C to 11.6 C / 9.8 mm / 1.5 hours / N 2.2 12 Kt.
A grey and overcast morning for the most part, though by the end of the morning some bright spells would develop with some hazy sunshine developing by the afternoon. Variable amounts of cloud for the remainder of the day, but in the evening cloud would increase and thicken, bringing with it outbreaks of rain by 11pm. These spells of rain would continue for much of the night, and would be quite heavy at times (peak rate of 11.2 mm/h), but would nevertheless clear by dawn.

18th (Sun) 5.0 C to 10.1 C / nil / 4.0 hours / W 3.3 17 Kt.
A grey start to the day, with the area very wet after heavy overnight rain, but as the morning wore on it would brighten up with sunny spells by midday. Some cumulus development was quite evident at this time, but it didn’t come to anything and by mid-afternoon the skies would become clear with a lovely sunny end to the day. Remaining clear in the evening and overnight, with a slight hoar frost by the end of the night.

19th (Mon) 1.9 C to 11.2 C / trace / 6.5 hours / SW 3.5 21 Kt.
A clear and sunny morning for the most part, with a slight hoar frost to start the day, but by the end of the morning broken cloud would increase. Variable amounts of cloud in the afternoon, with some decent spells of sunshine at times. Clear spells in the evening and overnight, though cloud amounts would increase for a time, bringing with it one or two light showers which didn’t amount to anything significant (not enough to even dampen the ground).

20th (Tue) 6.5 C to 15.2 C / nil / 8.5 hours / W 3.0 24 Kt.
A very pleasant spring day with plenty of sunshine and temperatures climbing up into the mid teens. However in the morning and around midday there was a gusty breeze, but this would ease in the afternoon with winds becoming light by dusk. Mostly clear skies in the evening and overnight, with temperatures falling to 2.3 C, but cloud would increase from the west by the end of the night with cloudy skies by dawn.

Heard my first CHIFFCHAFF of the year this morning, with a single bird heard calling near Old Hall Farm. This is eight days earlier than my first last year, and three days earlier than 2010. Also heard a Great Spotted Woodpecker drumming in the garden, while the Butterburs are coming up along Long Lane. In the afternoon I also gave the lawn its first mow of the year.

21st (Wed) 2.3 C to 12.9 C / nil / 4.8 hours / SW 0.7 8 Kt.
A cloudy and grey morning, with a thick layer of stratocumulus covering the area, but it would begin to brighten up by midday with some decent sunny spells in the afternoon. Indeed by the end of the afternoon it had become mostly clear, and it would remain so during the evening and most of the night, this allowing temperatures to drop to nearly freezing. Mist also forming by dawn.

A Chiffchaff was heard in the garden today, and the Woodpecker was likewise heard nearby in the morning. In the countryside I noticed that the Horse Chestnuts are now coming into leaf, as is the Crab Apple in the garden. Meanwhile the garden is now looking lovely with a fine display of Daffodils, while Hyacinths and early Tulips are also joining in with the annual spectacle which greets the arrival of spring. The flowers are attracting good numbers of bees to the garden, with at least four species of bee having been seen so far this year, while another insect highlight today was the spotting of a single Brimstone butterfly, the first I’ve seen this year and the fourth butterfly species for my 2012 butterfly species list. The garden is also crawling with Ladybirds at the moment, and though admittedly there are always lots around at this time of year, their nevertheless seems to be far more than normal this year. What this is a sign of I do not know, but it should be good news for the garden at least.

22nd (Thu) 0.4 C to 13.8 C / nil / 9.0 hours / NE 1.8 13 Kt.
A misty and frosty start with temperatures near freezing, the mist thickening into fog for a time between 7am & 8am. However by mid morning this would quickly burn away, leaving a mostly sunny and very pleasant spring day with temperatures in the mid-teens. Remaining largely clear in the evening and overnight, though it would become increasingly hazy as moist air was drawn off the sea on a light NE breeze.

At least three Chiffchaffs were heard around the area this morning, with one near the house, another near Old Hall Farm, and the last at Keldmarsh. A Roe buck was also seen this morning along Shepherds Lane, while in the fields the OSR is now coming along very nicely with some of it already beginning to flower. Meanwhile on the Westwood the first of the Wood Anemones are starting to flower beside the Walkington road.

We found ourselves with a free morning today, and with lovely clear blue skies and warm sunshine we decided to make the most of it and headed out into the Wolds. Our destination of choice this morning took us to the area I know as the North Wolds, that is the area north of Driffield, and though we don't often visit this area as often as the Central Wolds, it is nevertheless a beautiful and peaceful corner of our county. The countryside of the North Wolds is more open and rolling than the central Wolds, with the dales shallower and wider (as a general rule), while the fields are often prairie like as they sweep attractively across the hillsides. From these high fields one is afforded some wonderful views to the south and east with the flat & fertile plain of Holderness stretching away towards the Humber and sea, though today is was very hazy and even seeing as far as Driffield was difficult.

Our walk today would begin near Cowlam and would take us up Cottam Well Dale, beyond the old abandoned village of Cottam, and across the old airfield which lies at the top of the Wold. The long and broad dale of Cottom Well Dale (which takes its name from the well which can still be found two-thirds of the way up its length) is a good spot for birding, especially in the warmer months, with small numbers of Curlews spending the summers here, as well as the odd Wheatear. Indeed I had hoped to maybe find a Wheatear up here this morning, but unfortunately I drew a blank, but on the plus side at least three Curlews were seen or heard along the dales length, while the grassy downland hosted dozens of displaying Meadow Pipits. Up on the higher fields, especially around the old abandoned wartime airfield, Skylarks were seen and heard in abundance, and with the sunshine, comfortable temperatures, and beautiful sound-scape, it truly was an idyllic morning as we strolled across the rolling landscape.

Other notable observations on our walk this morning included displaying Lapwings, a lone Buzzard, a flock of about two dozen Fieldfares, two Roe deer (the rumps of both being conspicuously white as they took flight from the small patch of woodland from which they were flushed), and boxing Hares out on the open cereal fields. However this walk did lack botanical interest, with relatively few flowers to be seen yet in this open and windswept landscape, but Celandine's provided some colour here and there, as well as Speedwell on the old airfield, and also Dandelions, Colts-foot, & Daisies. Indeed compared to the Beverley area in which we reside, the countryside up here is much starker with the crops and natural world perhaps about a week or two behind us at the moment, but nevertheless the countryside is looking good & healthy, a testament to the hard work of the farmers whom make their living from the land up here.

23rd (Fri) 3.0 C to 13.4 C / nil / 6.0 hours / E 1.3 12 Kt.
A hazy start with weak sunshine, but by mid-morning this haze had thickened into cloud which would give mostly cloudy skies for much of the morning. However after 11am it would break and clear, with the rest of the day seeing pleasant but quite hazy sunshine. Mild again as well, though the gentle easterly breeze added a slight chill to the air, especially in the shade. Little change in the evening, with clear but hazy skies (the stars being soft and veiled) and overnight it would become misty and then latterly foggy as moist air came in off the North Sea.

A Woodcock was flushed from the Willow scrub between Old Hall & New Model Farms this morning. A Chiffchaff was also heard at Keldmarsh, while in the evening I saw my first Hedgehog of the year outside the house.

24th (Sat) 4.1 C to 15.2 C / nil / 5.5 hours / SE 0.7 11 Kt.
A foggy morning with visibility below 200 yards for a time, but as the morning wore on this would lift and by midday it would begin to rapidly brighten up with a fine afternoon following with warm hazy sunshine. Clear at first in the evening but overnight mist and fog would return, becoming thick by the end of the night. Also becoming cold overnight.

25th (Sun) 1.5 C to 15.0 C / nil / 6.5 hours / SE 0.7 9 Kt.
Another foggy morning with visibility down to 150 yards, but like recent days it would lift and clear slowly as the morning progressed, with sunny skies by midday. Remaining sunny throughout the remainder of the afternoon, with temperatures climbing to 15 C. Staying clear in the evening and overnight, with temperatures falling below freezing for the first time in over a month.

Noticed the first signs of activity by the Mining Bees, with a couple of their tunnels found beneath the Crab Apple tree (however I didn’t actually see any Bees in the area or on the wing). In the evening the thin crescent moon lay beside Jupiter, while above them Venus continues to shine brilliantly. Venus is also growing ever closer to the lovely little open cluster of the Pleiades and all in all the scene last night was a beautiful star and planet filled one.

26th (Mon) -1.7 C to 17.4 C / nil / 10.3 hours / S 0.6 9 Kt.
A cold but clear morning, with a hoar frost covering the fields, and patches of low mist hanging over the countryside. However the sun would soon warm things up, with a totally clear and sunny day following with not a cloud to be seen all day. This would encourage temperatures to reach a high of 17.4 C, making this the warmest day thus far this spring. Remaining clear in the evening and overnight with temperatures falling close to freezing.

Observed my first Comma butterfly of the year this morning (my fifth species of the year), while a few Peacocks & Small Tortoiseshells were also seen through the day.

Venus and the crescent Moon lay close together in the evening sky tonight, with Jupiter just a little below them. I managed to get a few photos of this attractive pairing of celestial objects, most of which I am quite pleased with. Indeed my Lumix bridge camera is proving quite good for astronomical purposes, and I was also able to photograph a few constellations while I was outside tonight.

27th (Tue) 0.7 C to 19.7 C / nil / 10.5 hours / SW 0.6 8 Kt.
Another cold and clear start with frost covering the fields, but it would soon warm up under the clear blue skies. Remaining sunny and clement for the remainder of the day, with temperatures reaching a very unseasonable high of just shy of 20 C, making this comfortably the warmest March day since my records began in 2004. Remaining clear in the evening and overnight, with a grass frost by the end of the night.

Heard my first singing Blackcap of the year this morning in the Holly scrub near the house. Chiffchaff also heard throughout the day again, while a drumming Woodpecker was noted in the morning. A very vivid and bright Brimstone butterfly was also seen, along with Small White, Comma, Small Tortoiseshell & Peacock.

28th (Wed) 1.9 C to 21.3 C / nil / 10.6 hours / NW 2.3 13 Kt.
Another clear start, with a grass frost in prone locations, but soon warming up again under clear spring skies. Indeed with wall to wall sunshine temperatures would rise incredibly high again for the time of year, reaching a high of 21.3 C, smashing yesterdays record high for March. Staying clear in the evening and overnight, though it was much milder than recent nights with a low of just 7.4 C.

The first Bluebells (Spanish variety) are now coming out in the wood beside the house, remarkably early.

29th (Thu) 7.4 C to 18.3 C / nil / 10.0 hours / E 2.0 13 Kt.
A much warmer start to the day than lately, with another fine and sunny day following. However it was a touch cooler than recently, this in part due to the winds turning into the east during the afternoon, but also the presence of some high, thin cirrus which diffused the sunshine ever so slightly. Remaining mostly clear in the evening and overnight (bar the thin cirrus veil), with a heavy dew by dawn.

An Orange-tip butterfly was spotted in the garden today, my first of the year. My butterfly list for 2012 is already up to seven, amazing considering it is still only March. The trees and plants are also moving along rapidly what with the current weather, with over half of tree species now showing some greening, while the likes of Horse Chestnut are now well into leafing. The Crab Apple in the garden is also starting to expand its leaves, while the Hawthorn & Apple trees are also leafing, the Hawthorn in particular now looking noticeably green. The Mining Bee’s were also active again today, with a number of their earth mounds being found on the lawn.

30th (Fri) 3.4 C to 15.6 C / nil / 8.3 hours / W 4.4 21 Kt.
Yet another fine day, beginning on a cool note but soon warming up with mostly clear skies yet again (bar some high cirrus at times). However by the end of the day cloud amounts would begin to increase, with the breeze also freshening somewhat, and during the evening and overnight this cloud would continue to increase and thicken with cloudy skies by the end of the night.

31st (Sat) 6.7 C to 9.9 C / trace / 3.0 hours / N 4.5 24 Kt.
A cloudy, cool & breezy start, with a noticeable change in the weather compared to what we have enjoyed recently. The cloud thick enough for some light rain around mid-morning, though this wasn’t even enough to dampen the ground. Becoming brighter by the end of the morning, with an afternoon of good sunny spells following, but in the moderate northerly breeze it would feel distinctly chilly. The air was also very dry, with relative humidity falling to 54% with a mid-afternoon dew point of -2 C, this adding further chill to the air and also leading to high evapotranspiration, a problem which we faced last spring. Skies becoming largely clear in the evening and overnight, with the breeze also easing, this allowing temperatures to fall to freezing with a dry frost by dawn.